What You Really Need to Know about Cancer

Wednesday, August 6, 2014

Cervical cancer: Remains as a leading cause of cancer deaths in developing world

image of cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in woman after breast cancer worldwide. It is still the leading cause of cancer deaths in developing countries. Cervical cancer cells are originated from cervical epithelium. It is more common among ages of 40 to 50 years old.

Prostate cancer: The most common cancer among American men 

Cervical cancer causes

The exact cause is unknown but researchers have identified potential risk factors

Cervical cancer risk factors

  • Early sexual activities: engaging sexual activities at early age and exposing cervix to human papilloma virus
  • Multiple Sexual partners: it has more risk of getting HPV
  • Using Oral contraceptive Pills: Recent researches shown lose relation with long term use of oral contraceptives and cervical cancer.
  • Other STDs: cervical cancer is more common among woman having other sexual transmitted diseases.
  • Smoking: woman who smokes have high chances of getting cervical cancer than nonsmoker.
  • Life Style: early marriage and poor hygiene is a factors that can be considered among predisposing factors of cervical cancer
  • Race and Religion: Muslim woman are at lower risk of developing cervical cancer than the woman in other religious
  • Viruses: Herpes type -2, human papilloma virus type 16, 18, 31, 33, 33, 35, 39, 45, 52, 56, 58, and 59 are associated with causes of cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer signs and symptoms

  • Asymptomatic: at early stage cervical cancer remains without showing up any signs and symptoms
  • Abnormal bleeding: it’s more on between the periods and sometimes postmenopausal bleeding can be seen
  • Pain: back pain, rectal pain, uretic colic
  • Weight loss
  • Anemia
  • Malaise and uremia

Cervical cancer stages

  • Stage 0: carcinoma in situ
  • Stage 1: carcinoma is confined to the cervix
  • Stage 2: carcinoma spread other than cervix but not in to the pelvic wall
  • Stage 3: carcinoma extends to pelvic wall
  • Stage 4: carcinoma extends beyond pelvic wall and invade to bladder and rectum. This is the metastatic stage

Cervical carcinoma metastasis

  • Direct spread: spread to peritoneum, urinary bladder, ureters, rectum, and vagina.
  • Lymphatic: paracervical lymph nodes, hypogastric, and external iliac lymph nodes.
  • Hematogenous: Spread to lung, liver, bone marrow and other organs. 


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